The All Weather Investing smallcase is a recession-proof way of creating wealth over the long-term. This smallcase is a portfolio of four ETFs spread across three asset classes–equity, fixed income and gold. Investing in the All Weather smallcase is the best way to start building your core-satellite investment portfolio
In this post, we will dig deeper to understand how this smallcase is built
The idea for the All Weather smallcase arose from a need to build an investment product that can be used by investors in all circumstances–whether the markets are up or down. This smallcase would generate Equity (stock market-like) returns over the long term, but would also significantly reduce fluctuations to provide a smooth wealth creation journey
Identifying the Constituents
In order to significantly reduce risks (fluctuations in the investment value), it is very important to diversify beyond Equity by investing in other asset classes like Gold and Fixed Income. At the same time, we wanted to offer a product where people can invest and redeem instantaneously with the click of a button. Hence, dealing in physical gold or bank fixed deposits was out of the question. So, we decided to go ahead with Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)
ETFs are like mutual funds, but investors can buy and sell them on exchanges like stocks. Every ETF tracks an underlying, which could be Nifty, price of gold etc.
For example, a Nifty Index consists of 50 stocks. So if you want to invest in the Nifty index, you can just buy the Nifty ETF, instead of buying all the 50 stocks in the same proportion as the Index. If the Nifty generates a return of 5%, the Nifty ETF will also generate approximately the same returns. Similarly, if you invest in a gold ETF, it will give you the returns of gold
After our research, we decided to include the following ETFs in the All Weather smallcase. We also ensured that we select only ETFs that are liquid, where there are enough investors buying and selling these ETFs on the exchange. This ensures that there are sellers available when you want to buy them and you are not charged a premium because of the lack of supply
|ETF name||Asset class||Description|
|Reliance Nifty BeES||Equities - Large-cap||The portion of your money that goes into this ETF will generate Nifty-like returns. Thus, it will be invested in big companies like TCS, Infosys and Reliance that are a part of the Nifty Index|
|Reliance Junior BeES||Equities - Mid-cap||This ETF tracks the performance of the next 50 stocks that are not included in the Nifty. These companies are generally smaller in size and their prices are more volatile as compared to the members of Nifty, but they have the potential to offer higher returns|
|Reliance Gold BeES||Gold||Buying physical gold is a thing of past. The portion of your money that will go into this ETF will generate exactly gold-like returns|
|Reliance Liquid BeES||Fixed income||It is a good idea to increase the allocation towards fixed income in volatile times. This ETF always generates positive returns, irrespective of the current market situation|
Asset Allocation Strategy
After identifying the constituents, the next step was to build an algorithm that decides how much money should go into each asset class. Our research team studied many algorithms like Maximum Diversification, Inverse Volatility, Equal Risk Contribution, Minimum Volatility, etc. We ultimately went ahead with an algorithm that maximizes the Sharpe Ratio of the portfolio.
The Sharpe Ratio calculates the excess returns generated per unit of risk. If we are given two investment products (portfolios, stocks, asset classes) and asked to pick one of them for investment, the best way is to pick the one with the higher sharpe ratio. Higher sharpe means that the product generates more return without taking extra risks
After conducting multiple studies, writing numerous computer programs and running 1000s of simulations, we were able to generate an algorithm that can efficiently distribute your money in the selected asset classes. A computer program will run the algorithm every quarter to decide the optimal weighting scheme as per the prevailing market conditions.
Testing in All Weathers
Once we had the strategy ready, the next step was to test the performance of the same under different economic and market cycles. For this, we selected a period starting from 2007. This ensured that we were able to check the performance of the strategy in one of the worst stock market crashes in recent history. The table below shows the performance of the strategy in various periods when the markets crashed.
|Time period||Nifty||All Weather Investing|
|Feb'15 - Feb'16||-21%||-3%|
|Oct'10 - Dec'11||-23%||1%|
|Jan'08 - Oct'08||-53%||-18%|
After extensive testing, we are confident that the All Weather smallcase provides the perfect asset allocation mix for long-term wealth creation. In the last 11 years since its inception, it has generated a CAGR (yearly rate at which your investment would have grown, if you had invested in 2007) of 11.28%. This is much better than the Nifty CAGR of 8.24%. The strategy offers over 50% higher Sharpe than Nifty, by significantly reducing the risk. As you can see in the chart below, you would have had smooth sailing with the All Weather Investing vs Nifty
Now, there’s a better, cheaper and efficient way to build wealth for the long-term. Also, you can invest in the All Weather Investing smallcase in just 2 clicks for no additional fees. Pay only when you like the product and commit for the long-term
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